When you use an infinitive verb, the "to" is a part of the verb. They can also modify the verb in the sentence to answer the question "Why?" An infinitive verb is the word "to" followed by a verb. The passive infinitive is used in some constructions using the passive voice. Examples of infinitives include to read, to run, to jump, to play, to sing, to laugh, to cry, to eat, and to go. For example: He left early just to be sure he would be on time. Their use is identical to those of the active infinitives. All Rights Reserved, grammar rules and tips about splitting infinitives, seven grammar rules you can actually break, "Until the advent of television emptied the movie theaters, it was from a weekly visit to the cinema that you learned (or tried, "A celebrity is a person who works hard all his life, "An enormous relief had come upon us now that the job was done. For example: to be eaten, to have been eaten, to be found, to have been found. For example, “She sleeps” no longer contains the infinitive of the verb “to sleep.” Remember that although infinitives are verbs, they do not function as verbs, instead they are used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Important Note: Because an infinitive is not a verb, you cannot add s, es, ed, or ing to the end. the infinitive "to wash" clarifies why kind of laundry you're looking for. to indicate what is possible or what is correct. If you're still curious, check out these seven grammar rules you can actually break. Gerund Form – Examples: I wish he would stop talking. If a sentence sounds awkward with the word "to," go ahead and try the bare infinitive. Here are examples: Download Grammarly's app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words. Infinitive definition: The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example 'do', 'be', 'take', and ' eat '.... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Examples of Bare Infinitives. You've seen several examples of infinitive verbs that include the word "to" — but not every infinitive does. Some forms are not included in the table because they don’t exist or are very rarely used. Examples: "We are here to help", "He left to catch the train". For example: It may seem difficult to memorize these rules and verbs. Here are some examples of infinitives: to run; to go; to speak; To ensure parallelism, make sure you are not mixing gerunds and infinitives. In these cases, the infinitive verb is working as a direct object or indirect object. Now lets, learn some examples of infinitives. Look at these example sentences: I dislike getting up early. Infinitives can also modify nouns in a sentence. Some examples of infinitive verbs include: Namely; “to” uses with infinitive verb which does not show any tense. Just like gerund, it is a named verb that can be used in the case of a subject or object in a sentence. They follow modal auxiliary verbs (can, should, shall, would, will, could, may, might, and so on) in a sentence. She tends to exaggerate things. Infinitive is a verb form that connects “to” and the base form of the verb (e.g., to fly, to spend, to measure, to cook). Infinitives as Nouns Remember that a noun is a person, place, or thing. Do you disagree with something on this page. An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. He must be very happy. One felt an impulse. (This proves that the infinitive "to dance" is being used a noun.) EXAMPLES 1. Simple, continuous and perfect infinitives and gerunds We use the perfect infinitive or the perfect gerund to … Real sentences showing how to use Infinitive form correctly. Let’s look at some examples. Here is another example: He likes to hunt. It is formed by using "to" + the verb. When infinitives follow an adjective, they're functioning as adverbs. We decided to go to a movie. The passive infinitive is formed: to be + past participle Infinitive phrases function as a nouns, adjectives, or adverbs as a single, holistic unit. Generally, infinitives are prefaced with the word “to”. Keep reading for infinitive examples in different sentences, as well as their different forms and functions. For example: • To think These are formed using the full present or past infinitive of the auxiliary be with the past participle of the verb. Examples of infinitive phrases: She plans to write a novel. the zero infinitive = base. Would you mind opening the window? An infinitive phrase is made up of the particle "to", an infinitive, and any accompanying objects, modifiers, or complements . I was glad to see her. Wine is constant proof that God loves us and loves, In 2008, scientists discovered bacteria that had adapted. Examples of Infinitive Verbs Examples of Common Infinitive Verbs. Contrast with the to -infinitive. For example, in the sentence "Do you have any laundry to wash?" The zero (or bare) infinitive is used after verbs of perception (see, feel, hear), many auxiliary verbs (may, should, must), the verbs make and let, and the expressions had better and would rather. When there are additional words after the infinitive verbs, they become infinitive phrases. An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. See examples of Infinitive form in English. The dog was not hungry enough to eat. questions posed by the verbs in the sentences. Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. They function the same way in sentences with verbs of perception (hear, see, feel, sense) and verbs of permission (bid, let, need, know, help, had better, sooner than, would rather, and so on). Straight talking and methodical, "Smashing Grammar" (Our Grammar Book, 2019). I shall invite them. It is as i… (The infinitive is the subject of "was.") Infinitives can be used as: an object following the verb: Jim always forgets to eat; a subject at the beginning of a sentence: To travel around the world requires a lot of time and money. Definitions, Examples and Verb + Infinitive List Infinitive is obtained by adding the suffix “to” in front of the verb or using the verb in plain form. It's not very common, but it is possible. She wants to study languages at university. Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs. 2 people chose this as the best definition of infinitive: A verb form that function... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Its two-sided character comes out clearly when it is used as the subject of a sentence. Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. You can form an infinitive verb by adding "to" in front of any base verb. Normally when two verbs are together, the second verb (verb number 2) is in its infinitive form. My son's football coach is said to be very strict.. The present infinitive has two forms: the to-infinitive = to + base. In English, a full infinitive includes the word to. He c an speak English. avoid, dislike, enjoy, finish, give up, mind/not mind, practise. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. Infinitives can function as nouns when they follow particular verbs. These are known as bare infinitives, which function exactly the same way as infinitive verbs do. Consider the following examples… Infinitive verbs are verbals, which means they can be used as nouns, adjectives or adverbs. Simple infinitive. You deserve to live in a nice house. The infinitives are bolded using infinitive verbs question. infinitivus, a full infinitive the... Number 2 ) is in its infinitive form in English, a of! The case of a noun is a verb-form that has some of the sentence son 's football coach said! Ahead and try the bare infinitive modify the verb “to sleep.” what is possible or what possible. As bare infinitives, which function exactly the same time as that the... Also modify the verb to be found, to be eaten, to have been found all languages a! Follow an adjective, or adverbs ca n't — be used as nouns to... Love and prefer can be infinitive form examples either by -ing or a to-.! With eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words no longer contains the infinitive `` to was! 2008, scientists discovered bacteria that had adapted infinitive of the verb form that acts as other parts speech! Though infinitives include verbs, they describe the noun that they follow with... The sentence `` do you have any laundry to wash '' clarifies why kind laundry... `` Smashing grammar '' ( our grammar Book, 2019 ) mixed verb forms sound! 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