Timber Rattlesnake var pfHeaderImgUrl = 'https://extension.wvu.edu/files/d/0cc6929b-4018-4882-b09e-723420bad8c3/wvu-extension-alternate-logo.png';var pfHeaderTagline = '';var pfdisableClickToDel = 0;var pfHideImages = 0;var pfImageDisplayStyle = 'right';var pfDisablePDF = 1;var pfDisableEmail = 1;var pfDisablePrint = 0;var pfCustomCSS = '';var pfBtVersion='2';(function(){var js,pf;pf=document.createElement('script');pf.type='text/javascript';pf.src='//cdn.printfriendly.com/printfriendly.js';document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(pf)})(); Of the roughly 20 species of snakes found in West Virginia, only two species are do not work and should not be attempted. While we continue to feature destinations that make our state wonderful, please take proper precautions or add them to your bucket list to see at a later date. Some nonvenomous snakes even eat venomous snakes! Although Copperhead's venom is rarely fatal, it is still a serious injury. and the Smooth Greensnakes tend to be thicker while Northern Rough Greensnakes are more slender. The Black Ratsnake is nonvenomous. Mr. Moose focused largely on West Virginia’s two poisonous snakes, the timber rattler and the copperhead, stressing their identifying marks, habitats, and personality traits. Copperheads and rattlesnakes are the only venomous snakes found in West Virginia. The audience learned about the benefits of snakes and their benign nature, with the scary-looking hognose snake passively playing dead when being handled! Here are the snakes you are most likely to spot in the West Virginia woods as you hike: Copperheads are venomous snakes identifiable by the hourglass (or Hershey Kiss) shaped pattern on their back and sides. Some of the more dangerous animals of West Virginia are now completely extinct, such as the mammoth, giant bear, vampire bat, and Jefferson’s ground sloth. lying out in your yard, that may attract snakes,” said Owen. “Pits are an identifying feature of whether or not a snake is dangerous,” explains recognize poisonous snakes: . “Snakes like to find cover. “If a snake ever bites you, try to remain calm,” Owen advised. More Virginia Colubrid Snakes It’s easy to mistake the Scarletsnake (Cemophora coccinea) for a Milksnake or Kingsnake. hitting their tail off of leaves and debris. Cristy lives, writes, tutors, gardens, hikes, and relaxes with her family in the heart of Appalachia. and dark chevron shaped bands along the length of its body. For more information on snakes and proper procedure for snakebites, visit The Eastern garter snake is the official snake of Virginia, as designated by the General Assembly in 2016. If you ever encounter an aggravated snake, back away and try to find a route around Ninety percent of all snake species are NOT venomous. Love West Virginia? © 2020 West Virginia University. Copperheads and rattlesnakes are the only venomous snakes found in West Virginia. It is located a little below the mid-point between the eye and nostril on each side of the head. 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Copperheads and Rattlesnakes are the only venomous snakes found in West Virginia. “An increased heart These practices Some of the best hiking in the nation is found right in here in West Virginia, but we’ve noticed that some of you are hesitant to enjoy the great hikes we feature (like this one or this one) for one big reason: snakes. Northern Copperhead. Snake (serpent, rattlesnake, python, viper, adder, boa) ... especially those in urban/suburban areas – are venomous (or poisonous). They have vertical pupils and they lack darkly colored, vertical lines (called labial lines) around the mouth. the snake. Ratsnakes have round pupils and pronounced labial lines around the mouth. signs to distinguish if a snake is venomous. While West Virginia’s venomous snakes typically prefer to hang out in densely forested areas, they have been known to dwell in other places. If a snake is found in the house, identify the snake (A Snakes of Virginia guide is available from the Department). The vast majority of the state’s snakes are in the Colubrid family, the most common types of snakes found all over the United States. Once it is known to be non-venomous, carefully place a bucket or wastebasket over the snake. If in the woods, hike to the closest inhabited If you come across a snake, it’s best to leave it alone. The wildlife in West Virginia is absolutely fascinating! In talking about West Virginia's snakes there are two non-venomous varieties that I would like to draw attention to. I have… Snakes can only strike about one third to one half head. Non-poisonous snakes in Virginia. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs). If you know of a local business that could use some extra support during these times, please nominate them here: Most of these snakes are rarely observed by hikers: snakes are quiet, private creatures that want to avoid our company as much as we want to avoid theirs. In the USA there are between 8,000 and 10,000 reported snakebites annually , out of which 30% are venomous. For people that are afraid of snakes and are likely to be watching the ground, this snake is more likely to be found in bushes and trees. But you can take a big step toward protecting yourself and your scaly neighbors if … The first is the Northern Rough Greensnake. Share this West Virginia University Extension Service’s Wildlife Specialist Sheldon Owen. Snakes are good climbers and can also enter through the attic where trees or shrubs provide access. Yet these members of the reptile class play a vital role in the balance of nature. If rock climbing, be aware of where you put your hands. of nonvenomous snakes – are another. Common Snakes of Virginia: Virginia has many different habitats to offer any wildlife but it seems to be one of the best environments for snakes, with a number of different species (both venomous and non-venomous) recorded here. Last updated on March 29, 2019. West Virginia. can be fatal. All of those animals came from the Ice Age. It is against the law to kill them, or any other snake in Virginia, with the exception of a poisonous snake threatenening the health of people or farm animals. WVU is an EEO/Affirmative Action employer — Minority/Female/Disability/Veteran. Thank you! Snake species. Eastern Ribbon Snakes (Thamnophis sauritus) share those same physical features. Searching for a Northern Copperhead Snake - Duration: 3:26. If you have brush piles, debris, or any tin or metal lying out in your yard, that may attract snakes,” said Owen. Also, campers should avoid setting up camp around brush, as snakes tend to dwell Our fastest snake is the black racer, which may move four to five miles per hour, slower than a person can run. In accordance with Federal law and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) civil rights regulations and policies, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, disability, and reprisal or retaliation for prior civil rights activity. If you suspect a snake is living in your home, contact your local animal control copper-colored head. It is common and not poisonous. Poisonous Snakes. However, many of these species are declining in population due to habitat destruction, water pollution, and the killing of reptiles out of ignorant fear. Each year snake bites are on the rise, especially during springtime and summer. Fregonara said West Virginia has 22 kinds of snakes, and only two of those – the timber rattlesnake and the northern copperhead – are poisonous. referred to as pits, located directly beneath each eye. The Higher Education Policy Commission in West Virginia is responsible for developing, establishing, and overseeing the implementation of a public policy agenda for the state’s four-year colleges and universities. An arrowhead-shaped head is one characteristic Greensnakes prefer to live near water. No nonpoisonous species have it. It's been a little cold, so tune in next time. Twenty-two types of snakes are currently recognized, comprising a total of 20 species. We’re aware that these uncertain times are limiting many aspects of life. center or the local division of natural resources. by hair and bone contents), or strange noises in the walls or vents. Seek immediate medical attention if you are unsure of the ID or if the snake is positively identified as a venomous species. There are 39 species of reptiles whose ranges include at least parts of the state of West Virginia, USA.With 20 species of snakes, 13 turtle species, and 6 lizard species, the state's reptile diversity is high. While we may not be physically in our brick and mortar offices, we are working hard to assist our fellow West Virginians in all 55 counties. The head is flattened and angular in appearance. (sorry, no picture). The WVU Board of Governors is the governing body of WVU. Overview: There are 2 families of snakes found in West Virginia. “Most often, snakes only strike if they feel threatened or cornered,” said Owen. When hiking in snake country, wear sturdy hiking boots or shoes rather than sandals. www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/snakes. don’t have a rattler, they still may “rattle” as an indicator of aggravation by rate will cause the venom to spread faster. West Virginia Water Snakes ( Often mistaken for a Cottonmouth Moccasin) rarely conflict with swimmers and are not poisonous!.....These harmless water snakes are often killed, before deciding to kill one, you need to understand the beneficial qualities of West Virginia water snakes and of all nonpoisonous and poisonous snakes. 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